History of Village

/History of Village

History of the Village

The Village of Newburgh Heights incorporated in 1904 originally was part of the township of Newburgh, an early population and economic center. The early township was bounded by Cleveland on the north, Warrensville Township on the east, Independence on the south and the Cuyahoga River on the west. This old Newburgh Township was on higher ground than Cleveland and became an economic power. Only the choice of Cleveland as the county seat in 1809 changed its fortunes. Newburgh slowly eroded through annexation to Cleveland, East Cleveland Township and Independence Township in 1823, 1873, 1874, 1878, 1893, and 1894. Part of the economic power of the region started in 1857, with the establishment of Cleveland Rolling Mill. Welsh, Irish, Polish, German and Czech mill workers added to the ethnic fabric of the area originally settled by New England and Manx settlers.

The area leftover after annexation became 1904’s Village of Newburgh Heights.  This Village also fell victim to size reduction as the Township of South Newburgh organized in 1904 (to become known as Garfield Heights) and the Township of Corlett organized in 1906.  In 1917 Newburgh Heights had a building boom; farms were subdivided into residential lots, taxes rose, and a group of residents seceded forming the Village of Willow (to become Cuyahoga Heights) in 1918. The new boundaries left the residential area in Newburgh Heights (about 1 acre) and the farmland and industrial area in Cuyahoga Heights (about 5 acres). The current Village of Newburgh Heights was formed, a 0.5 square mile residential community south of Cleveland between the industrial valley of the Cuyahoga River on the west, Harvard Avenue and the village of Cuyahoga Heights to the south, and East 55thStreet of Cleveland’s Slavic Village to the East and Cleveland’s Raus Park and Metropark’s Washington Park to the North.

A population of 400 in 1909 raced to a high of 4,152 in 1930. The 2000 census shows a total population of 2,389 people: 48.2% male and 51.8% female. The average household size 2.27 and the average family size is 2.91.  According to 2000’s statistics, of the 1,052 housing units, 665 were owner occupied and 387 renters.

You will find Newburgh Heights located at 41° 26’59”N  81° 39’37” W  41.44972° N   81.66028° W.

Discover more about the history of Newburgh Township, Newburgh Heights and other areas formed from the original Newburgh Township inThe Encyclopedia of Cleveland History, maintained by Case Western Reserve University.

Sources for the above information:

Newburgh. The Encyclopedia of Cleveland History. Case Western Reserve University.http://ech.case.edu/ech-cgi/article.pl?id=N [all information used with permission] retrieved April 14, 2009.

Newburgh Heights. The Encyclopedia of Cleveland History. Case Western Reserve University.http://ech.case.edu/ech-cgi/article.pl?id=NH, creator Grabowski, John J. & Van Tassel, David D

[all information used with permission] retrieved April 14, 2009.

History of the Village of Cuyahoga Heights. Village of Cuyahoga Heights.http://www.cuyahogaheights.com/about.htm. Retrieved 15 June 2009.

Newburgh, Ohio.http://www.personal.kent.edu/`jgerda/;Janicealogy/Newburgh.html[all information used with permission] retrieved April 14, 2009.

U.S. Census Bureau: Census 2000 Demographic Profile Highlights Fact Sheet Newburgh Heights Village; generated by Dorene Kray; using FactFinder; http//factfinder.census.gov; (20 May 2009).

Newburgh Heights, Ohio.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Newburgh_Heights,_Ohioretrieved 15 June 2009.
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